How can ETIAS improve the security of the EU?
EU citizens can rest easy knowing that everyone who does not need a visa to travel within the Schengen Area (currently 60) will have to submit their information to screening and apply for travel authorization within less than two years. This is going to increase the security of the EU.
The EU Council created the European Travel Information Authorization System (ETIAS visa exemption). ETIAS, an automated IT system, will assist in identifying and assessing any risks that may be associated with visa-exempt citizens traveling to or within the Schengen Area before they depart.
ETIAS Visa Waiver for Europe will help in identifying individuals that may compromise security or pose an illegal migration risk before they board an aircraft or ship on their way to the European Union.
The requirement that visa-exempt travelers must apply online for travel authorizations through ETIAS will increase security and provide information about previously unknown visitors. This will help the Member States to improve border control and law enforcement.
How will the ETIAS Automated System work?
The ETIAS visa waiver program collects information compliant with data protection laws and regulations.
ETIAS will evaluate irregular or security migration risks. ETIAS, a sophisticated system, will check the information submitted to it by citizens of visa-exempt countries against several security databases, including Europol or Interpol, to issue or deny travel authorizations.
If necessary, the data may be made available to local law enforcement authorities for the following purposes:
– Preventing, detecting, and investigating terrorist offenses or other serious criminal offenses
– Identification of the terrorist attacker or other serious crime
The system will check every application against the following databases.
How will the security of the EU benefit from ETIAS?
The ETIAS is being implemented by the European Commission for France primarily to increase border security in Schengen member countries, triggered by increased terrorist activities in France and other security threats throughout Europe.
ETIAS authorization applicants will be pre-screened to identify potential risks before entering the Schengen Area. Checks against major security databases like SIS, VIS, and Europol will be performed. This will enable threats to be identified before the country of destination can pose a threat to them, increasing safety in Europe.
The ETIAS visa waiver will increase the efficiency of the application process. Passport holders who had to apply for France authorization in person at their local French consulate or embassy previously will be able to submit the ETIAS online application in less than 20 minutes.
ETIAS Europe will also reduce entry time for travelers and border officers as the pre-screened visa-waiver holders will not need as much attention at immigration controls.
Relevant Existing EU Information Systems:
These information systems are currently in use by the European Union. They are being updated to integrate seamlessly with ETIAS verification procedures and other future systems.
The Schengen Information System (SIS):
Are there new alerts issued for terrorist-related activities or missing or wanted individuals? A biometric search service will assist authorities in identifying dangerous or conflicting subjects.
Visa Information System (VIS):
Facilitates the verification of European visas and asylum applications and their issuance; Border guards can verify that the visa holder is the traveler who presented it. It will recognize fraudulent documents and take necessary steps to safeguard the Schengen Area to protect the citizens against identity theft and fraud. Will assist in investigating, detecting, and preventing terrorist crimes and other illegal activity.
Future EU Information Systems Proposed:
The EU is developing the ETIAS and working on additional information systems to improve its internal security. Some of these include:
• The Entry/Exit System is a system that records visa-exempt travelers crossing Schengen borders. It also records failed attempts to enter the territory.
• The European Criminal Records Information System (ECRIS) allows EU national authorities access to criminal records of citizens from third countries convicted in a Schengen member state.
Relevant Interpol databases:
The following security databases integration with ETIAS will make Europe safer:
- Interpol Stolen Travel Document Database (SLTD)
- Interpol Travel Documents associated with Notifications database (DAWN).
- Europol will establish a dedicated ETIAS watchlist.
ETIAS will collect relevant information about all visitors to Schengen before they arrive and compare it with the databases.
This will close security information gaps and provide crucial information to all Member States.
ETIAS can also be of assistance in:
– Help to identify potential risks and/or suspicious people and take appropriate action before they reach Schengen Area’s exterior borders
– Improve detection of human trafficking, especially in cases involving minors
– Help to combat border-crossing crime
– Help to identify individuals whose presence could pose a security risk in the Schengen region
– At external European borders, perform faster and more thorough EU and third-country passenger inspections
Other Regulations that Improve Security of the EU
The European Union is implementing other tactical measures parallel to the ETIAS visa exemption. These initiatives will make Europe safer for its citizens and visitors.
The EU is strengthening Frontex and expanding its scope. This includes more cooperation between the European Border and Coast Guard Agency and the national authorities, which will increase their ability to: Trace individuals, Pursue perpetrators, Prevent money laundering and financing of terrorist acts, Prevent radicalization, and prevent Cross-border crime.
A few Schengen countries (Austria and Denmark, France, Germany, Norway, Germany, Norway, and Sweden) have also implemented temporary internal border controls in exceptional circumstances. This will prevent terrorists from freely moving within the European Union.
EU measures to prevent radicalization in Europe
ETIAS is a joint approval of legislation that aims to prevent the radicalization of EU citizens and protect the well-being of Schengen residents.